Vol 6, No 3 (2009) > Articles >

STUDI PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIKA PADA PENDERITA RAWAT INAP PNEUMONIA (PENELITIAN DI SUB DEPARTEMEN ANAK RUMKITAL DR. RAMELAN SURABAYA)

. Suharjono , Yuniati T , . Sumarno , Semedi J

 

Abstract: Pneumonia is an infectious disease that was caused inflammation of acute parenchy-mal compression of the lungs and bacterial exudate from lung tissue on the main from
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella pneumonia,  Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Selection of appropriate antibiotic therapy and rational will determine the treatment to avoid the occurrence
of bacterial resistance. In addition it is also possible the use of other drugs that can increase the chances of Drug Related Problems (DRP). Pattern of antibiotic use in Rumkital Dr. Ramelan Surabaya has never been done. Studying the pattern use of antibiotics in hospitalized patients with pneumonia in the Sub Department  of Pedi-atric Rumkital Dr. Ramelan and related the dose, other therapies, as well as identify
the DRP. This research is a method  descriptive survey research in the form of a retrospective and descriptive study. Materials research is the Medical Records  pa-tients hospitalized  with the final diagnosis of pneumonia, starting January 1, 2004
until April 30, 2006 that meet  inclusion criteria. Of the study population who account for 50 found 41 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Antibiotics single most widely accepted  patients without comorbidities were ampicillin iv 26.92%
(14 patients) and iv sefotaksim 21.15% (11 patients), while the antibiotic combina-tion widely accepted  patients is ampicillin iv / po + kloksasilin iv / po 13.46% (7 patients) and kloksasilin iv + ceftriaxone iv 5.77% (3 patients) and the rest other
antibiotic combinations. DRP study found 56.9% patients received appropriate anti-biotic dose literature and 43.1% patients receiving doses underdose. Use of antibiotics
above is already in accordance with reference  and other therapies. Single antibiotic or combination of 2 antibiotics penicillin and cephalosporin classes often used to treat
pneumonia.
Keywords:  Pneumonia-antibiotics-DUS.

Published at: Vol 6, No 3 (2009) pages: 142-155

DOI: 10.7454/psr.v6i3.3443


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